One of the most common questions I get asked often is “how to calculate CBM and freight ton”, specially by those clients who get charged per Freight Ton or Revenue Ton..
Firstly CBM stands for CuBic Meter.. This is the most common unit used for the measurement of volumetric cargo.. Metric Tons as you know refers to the weight of cargo (1 Metric Ton = 1000 Kilograms)..
Freight Ton or Revenue Ton is derived by calculating the weight or volume of the cargo and the freight is charged based on whichever is higher..
When you have the dimensions of the package, first of all convert the measurement into meters..
Normally dimensions are in Length x Width x Height..
If for example the dimensions of a cargo crate is
3.2 x 1.2 x 2.2 meters then the CBM is simply 3.2 x 1.2 x 2.2 = 8.448 CBM..
As mentioned above, if the rate is quoted as for example USD.12/per freight ton and the weight of the package is 1200 kgs = 1.2 tons, then the freight rate for this will be
8.448 cbm x USD.12 = USD.101.376 or
1.2 tons x USD.12 = USD.14.4
Since the CBM rate is higher, the freight rate of USD.101.376 will apply..
For easy conversion of anything to anything – pls refer to http://www.onlineconversion.com/